Secret Proteins that Help Control Aging: Sirtuins

Secret Proteins that Help Control Aging: Sirtuins


Sirtuins, revered as the guardians of the genome, are a pivotal group of proteins essential for cellular vitality. This family, comprising seven distinct proteins, relies on the coenzyme NAD+ to execute their functions. Acting as metabolic sensors, sirtuins navigate cellular pathways, modulating gene expression and protein activity in response to internal and external cues. 

By harnessing the potent properties of Resveratrol and NMN, VaraSpan® effectively activates sirtuins, the guardians of cell health, by elevating NAD+ levels. But that's not all – fortified with essential nutrients like Vitamin D3, K2, and Omega 3, VaraSpan® goes beyond mere activation, providing comprehensive support for cellular health and inflammation reduction. Experience the synergy of these ingredients as they work harmoniously to enhance sirtuin functionality, promoting robust cellular resilience and vitality in the face of various challenges. 

Key Takeaways: 

  • Understanding Sirtuins, the guardians of our genome: A family of seven proteins, are indispensable for human health orchestrating critical cellular functions. 
  • The dependency of Sirtuins on NAD+: Sirtuins rely on the coenzyme NAD+ for their function, acting as metabolic sensors that decline with age, impacting sirtuin activity. 
  • Role of Sirtuins in cellular repairing: Among sirtuins, SIRT1 and SIRT3 stand out, showcasing versatile roles in DNA maintenance, chromatin modification, glucose metabolism, mitochondrial function, and cellular energy production. 

Related Products: 

  • VaraSpan® for cellular aging: Meticulously crafted to activate SIRT1 and possibly other Sirtuins, enhancing NAD+ levels with the NAD+ precursor NMN, Resveratrol and other micronutrients while facilitating direct activation. 


Delving Into Sirtuin Functions 

Secret Proteins that Help Control Aging: Sirtuins

Explore the diverse functions of sirtuin members across cellular compartments, from SIRT1's role in DNA maintenance to SIRT3's involvement in mitochondrial metabolism. These proteins collectively regulate crucial cellular processes like metabolism and genome maintenance, forming an interconnected network vital for cellular vitality and homeostasis. 





Nucleus, cytoplasm 

DNA maintenance, chromatin modification, glucose metabolism, differentiation, neuronal function, mitochondrial function 


Cytoplasm, nucleus 

Cell cycle 


Mitochondria, nucleus, cytoplasm 

Mitochondrial metabolism, mitochondrial biogenesis and protection, ATP production 



Mitochondrial metabolism 


Mitochondria, cytoplasm, nucleus 

Urea cycle 



DNA maintenance, genome maintenance, telomere maintenance, metabolism 



rDNA transcription 


Takes Two to Tango: NAD+ and Sirtuins in Aging/Longevity Control 

  • NAD+ and Sirtuins' Interdependence: 

NAD+ and sirtuins work hand in hand to regulate aging and longevity. Sirtuins, a protein family with enzymatic functions like deacetylase, rely on NAD+ as a co-substrate. This ancient relationship between NAD+ and sirtuins is pivotal in linking energy regulation to aging control. With age, NAD+ levels decrease, diminishing sirtuin activity and impacting cellular and systemic processes. This decline disrupts communication within cells and between tissues, exacerbating aging effects. 

  • Evolutionary Significance of Sirtuins 

Despite controversies in earlier research, recent studies reaffirm sirtuins' significance as evolutionarily conserved aging regulators. For instance, brain-specific SIRT1 overexpression extends lifespan in mice. 

In organisms like yeast, worms, and flies, caloric restriction extends lifespan through mechanisms involving sirtuins and NAD+ pathways. Similarly, in mammals, NAMPT-mediated NAD+ biosynthesis is crucial for sirtuin activity regulation, impacting various metabolic functions. 

  • NAD+ and Sirtuins' Multifaceted Influence 

The functional connection between NAD+ and sirtuins operates at multiple levels, including NAD+ biosynthesis regulation, modulation of sirtuin activity by NAD+ substrates, and competitive utilization of NAD+ among various enzymes. 

At a cellular level, compromised communication between the nucleus and mitochondria due to NAD+ decline and reduced sirtuin activity contributes to mitochondrial dysfunction, a hallmark of aging. At a systemic level, disruption in inter-tissue communication between the hypothalamus and adipose tissue due to NAD+ decline affects physiological robustness and contributes to age-associated pathophysiology. 

  • Strategy for Aging Mitigation 

Supplementation of key NAD+ intermediates like NMN & Resveratrol emerge as a potential strategy to mitigate age-associated functional decline and diseases of aging. Understanding the intricate connection between NAD+ and sirtuins sheds light on how energy metabolism influences aging processes and lifespan regulation across different organisms. 


Embracing Sirtuins' Promise 

Secret Proteins that Help Control Aging: Sirtuins

In conclusion, the intricate relationship between NAD+ and sirtuins is pivotal in regulating aging and longevity. Sirtuins, crucial for cellular functions, depend on NAD+ availability. As NAD+ levels decline with age, sirtuin activity diminishes, affecting both cellular and systemic processes. However, supplementation like VaraSpan®, containing NMN, resveratrol, and essential micronutrients, shows potential in boosting NAD+ levels and activating sirtuins, possibly mitigating age-related decline. Understanding this interplay sheds light on energy metabolism's role in aging and lifespan regulation, offering innovative approaches for promoting cellular vitality and extending health span. 


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